Everything is subject to change and dissolution,
and people do not fully realise this - everyone feels things should
continue in a consistent and predictable way, exactly as they themselves
predict. People are sad when pleasant things stop, and if things
are unpleasant, they are sad until they stop.
The way to remain happy despite all this change
is to have Right View.
Right view is the understanding of the Four Noble
Truths about suffering, its origin, its ceasing, and how to let
The four noble truths have three rounds & twelve
The Four Noble Truths are:
~ The Truth of Suffering (i.e. that there is suffering) - there
are many kinds of suffering, for example pain, ageing, sickness
and death, association with the unwished-for, separation from what
~ The Truth of the Origin of suffering: the cause of suffering
is just this: craving for pleasures, craving for existence,
or craving for non-existence. The Gates through which these
causes dissolve are: The Signless, The Wishless, and Emptiness.
~ The Truth of the Extinction of suffering: the complete fading
away and extinction of the aforementioned cravings, forsaking,
giving up, liberation and detachment from them, causes the
end of suffering and allows one to enter through the Gates.
~ The Truth of the Eightfold Path leading to the extinction
of suffering: the Eightfold Path explains exactly how to live
in order not only to end craving, but also to actually end suffering.
It is the synthesis of the other 3 truths. The Eightfold Path
consists of these eight things:
(words in green on this page are hyperlinks)
Right View is the first step of the Eightfold Path,
and it leads to happiness because one first of all realises that
there is suffering, and then can see more about where it comes from,
and that something can be done about it, and this enables one to
be interested in knowing how to extinguish suffering and therefore
to want to follow the path.
There are many ways of seeing with Right View:
To understand what is wholesome and what is unwholesome,
to understand the causes and rounds of nutriment (physical or mental),
to understand the four noble truths about suffering, to understand
any of the 12 parts of dependent origination (the arising and ceasing
of birth, or ageing and death, or being or craving or clinging,
or feeling or contact, or the sixfold-sense base or that which apprehends
it, or consciousness or ignorance or the will to know), or lastly
to understand the origin and cessation of the three taints, which
are the taint of ignorance, the taint of being , and the taint of
desiring to sense pleasant things.
For more detail, read:
Discourse on Right View (MN 9)